How old are you?
Which eye conditions run in your family?
Have you had a lot of sun exposure in your lifetime?
Have you taken steroid medications?
Are you a current or former smoker?
Have you had a significant eye injury?
Which eye disease am I most at risk for?
Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a problem with your retina. It happens when a part of the retina called the macula is damaged. With AMD you lose your central vision. You cannot see fine details, whether you are looking at something close or far. But your peripheral (side) vision will still be normal. For instance, imagine you are looking at a clock with hands. With AMD, you might see the clock’s numbers but not the hands. For more information: https://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/amd-macular-degeneration
Glaucoma is a disease that damages your eye’s optic nerve. It usually happens when fluid builds up in the front part of your eye. That extra fluid increases the pressure in your eye, damaging the optic nerve. For more information: https://youtu.be/vU-nOF7Vtm0
If you have a cataract, the natural lens in your eye has become cloudy. It is like looking through a foggy or dusty car windshield. Things look blurry, hazy or less colorful with a cataract. For more information: https://youtu.be/-3LazKAnEyk
A pinguecula is a harmless yellowish growth on the white of the eye. It is often caused by sun exposure. Sometimes it can cause irritation and lubricating drops can help. For more information: https://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/pinguecula-pterygium
A retinal detachment is an urgent condition that occurs when the back, inside layer of the eye (the retina) pulls away from the eye wall. There are many reasons this can occur. It may be accompanied by seeing floaters, light flashes, or seeing a curtain coming over the vision. For more information: https://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/detached-torn-retina
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